Friday, January 19, 2018

Eero Saarinen: Trans World Airlines Flight Center, 1962

Architect Eero Saarinen works on his model of the Trans World Airlines Flight Center at JFK airport...

The Trans World Flight Center opened in 1962 as the original terminal designed by Eero Saarinen for Trans World Airlines at New York City's John F. Kennedy International Airport.

Saarinen's original design featured a prominent wing-shaped thin-shell roof over the headhouse (or main terminal); unusual tube-shaped red-carpeted departure-arrival corridors; and tall windows enabling expansive views of departing and arriving jets. The design straddles the Futurist, Neo-Futurist, "Googie," and Fantastic Architectural styles.

Architect Robert A. M. Stern has dubbed the TWA Flight Center the "Grand Central of the Jet Age." The pragmatic new encircling terminal has been called "hyper-efficient" and a "monument to human throughput".

Tuesday, January 16, 2018

Niko Kralj: Classic Folding Rocking Chair Design

Niko Kralj is the founder and one of the central figures of Slovenian post-war industrial design. As an internationally-recognized design expert in the second half of the 20th century, he ranks among the most important industrial designers in the world.

He has been honored for his creations, which have left their mark in the field of design, globally. 

In 1966 Kralj founded the Institute of Design. At home as well as abroad, he filed and registered 118 patents and models, and wrote 39 research papers. He was an innovator and an inventor in many fields -- mostly in the area of construction and production efficiency. He looked at industrial design and innovation as an indivisible whole.

His creative solutions have produced some timeless pieces of furniture. A view at the list of his domestic and foreign awards testifies to the quality of these designs. 

His products, designed for large-scale production, have been commercially successful and have been produced in several hundred-thousands of pieces. 

Because of their timeless Modernist forms, Kralj's products belong in the company of other European Modern classics.

In 1962 Niko Kralj received the highest Slovenian award for culture -- the "PreŇ°eren Award" -- "for achievements in the field of architecture and design."

Monday, January 15, 2018

Man, Thy Name Is -- Brother

"Repeating, “I have a dream,” MLK offered up the hope that “my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character” and the desire to “transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood.”

“And when this happens,” he exclaimed in his closing remarks, “and when we allow freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual -- ‘Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!'”

Saturday, January 13, 2018

More of the Early Comic Book Issues That I Collected in My Youth

Autophagy Theory

What is Autophagy?

Autophagy (from the Greek for "self-eating") is the regulated process by which a cell degrades its dysfunctional or foreign components. The cell can then recycle useful chemical components for further purposes.

This allows autophagy to regulate the balance of protein composition in a cell, prevent the buildup of toxic waste products, maintain cellular organelle function, remove invading pathogens, and help sustain cells during periods of starvation.

The scientific importance of understanding autophagy was highlighted when the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Yoshinori Ohsumi for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy.

Essentially, autophagy is the creation of a "garbage bag" (autophagosome) that collects cellular components and then takes them to the cell’s "recycling center" (lysosome) to be broken down into their parts which can then be recycled into new components.

Autophagy is Activated by Aerobic Exercise
Autophagy is Increased by Intermittent Fasting and Caloric Restriction
Autophagy is Promoted by the Ketogenic Diet

Foods that Boost Autophagy:

Autophagy is Induced by Coffee
Autophagy is Increased by Green Tea
Autophagy is Stimulated by Coconut Oil
Autophagy can be Activated by Ginger
Autophagy is Increased by Galangal
Autophagy is Activated by Extracts of the Reishi Mushroom

Natural Supplements that Increase Autophagy:

Autophagy is Activated by Resveratol
Autophagy is Turned Up by Medium-chain Triglycerides (MCTs)
Autophagy is Increased by Curcumin
Autophagy is Activated by Vitamin D
Autophagy is Promoted by Omega 6 and 3 Polyunsaturated Fats
Autophagy is Increased by Nicotinamide
Autophagy is Activated by Melatonin
Autophagy is Enhanced by Ginseng
Autophagy is Increased by Lithium
Autophagy is Boosted by Spermidine
Autophagy is Induced by Sulforaphane
Autophagy is Promoted by Trehalose
Autophagy is Induced by Ursolic Acid

Friday, January 12, 2018

Neurogenesis: Exercise and Eat Right

Exercise has shown a direct link to "neurogenesis." Walking for just 45 minutes per day lead to new hippocampal tissue growth. Moving can cause your brain to grow.

Besides the positive physical, mental and emotional benefits of exercise, it is striking to see the intellectual and neuronal effects. There are multitudes of other studies, all of which show that exercise is beneficial to neurogenesis. This extends to protecting against Alzheimer’s as well.

Along with exercise, there are many "dietary measures" that can help boost brain growth. The first would be curcumin, which is an element of the spice turmeric. As studies have indicated, curcumin has been directly linked to neurogenesis. Other studies have shown that curcumin also increases "brain derived neurotrophic factor" expression. This is important because BDNF is vital to many neurologic functions.

Survival of brain cells in situations where they would normally die has also been shown to happen by "caloric restriction," and/or intermittent fasting. Besides neurogenesis, there is also a process called "autophagy" which gets turned on when human beings fast. Autophagy is loosely described as the process of cells "cleaning house, and getting rid of junk." Theoretically, you can see how this may be beneficial to improved cellular and neuronal firing. 

There are benefits to omega-3 fatty acids. Docosahexaenoic acid is preferable over all other forms of omega-3s. The scientific literature shows that DHA helps to support neurogenesis. There are many other reasons why you may want to supplement with DHA, or obtain large amounts from daily intake of wild-caught fish, but the specific neurological effects of DHA are intriguing.

Blueberries are another beneficial food that can be linked to neurogenesis. The "flavonoids" in blueberries are advantageous. Since the link between increased neurogenesis and increased mood and cognition is obvious, it makes sense to regularly include blueberries in your diet. Not only will you be enjoying the cognitive effects of the food, but you will be getting the inherent antioxidant effects as well.

Green tea is another method of increasing neurogenesis. Specifically, the compound epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is the element which has been linked to the growth of new brain cells. Drinking green tea, or supplementing with EGCG in isolated form, will increase your rate of new neuronal growth.

It is important to note that many new neurons borne via the process of neurogenesis die within two weeks. So, it's not a way to replace a barely-functioning brain with Einstein’s brain. But, many of the new neurons do migrate into the molecular layer.

Think of neurogenesis as being similar to taking a supplement. Yes, it may be slightly beneficial to increase your intake of foods and supplements to help stimulate neurogenesis. But if your overall diet and lifestyle is poor, highly stressed and generally unhealthy, these methods will do little-to-no benefit. You must always remember the whole picture, the whole human body, and the whole psyche.